Temporomandibular joint - TMJ connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull being attached to each side of the face just below the ear. This joint is flexible allowing the jaw to move up and down and on each side facilitating processes such as talking, chewing and even yawning. The muscles attached around the TMJ position the jaw and control its motion.
When maxillary bones do not correctly meet producing a wrong oclussion orthognatic surgery may be required. The role of orthognatic surgery is to reposition the face bones in an optimal equilibrium and will improve the overall appearance. The purpose of orthognatic surgery is to correct the facial structure, rebuilding a correct oclusion and providing optimal functionality for the teeth.
The most frequent dental surgery procedure is the dental extraction. When a tooth is damaged and cannot be restored or there are complication at the root level that cannot be treated the tooth needs to be extracted. The remaining space can be filled with a dental implant or a dental bridge.